Forest protection is the preservation or improvement of a forest threatened or affected by natural or man made causes
This forest protection also has a legal status and rather than protection from only people damaging the forests is seen to be broader and include forest pathology too. Thus due to this the different emphases around the world paradoxically suggest different things for forest protection.
In German speaking countries forest protection would focus on the biotic and abiotic factors that are non-crime related. A protected forest is not the same as a protection forest. These terms can lead to some confusion in English, although they are clearer in other languages. As a result, reading English literature can be problematic for non-experts due to localization and conflation of meanings.
The types of man induced abuse that forest protection seeks to prevent include:
- Aggressive or unsustainable farming and logging
- Pollution of soil on which forests grow
- Expanding city development caused by population explosion and the resulting urban sprawl
There is considerable debate over the effectiveness of forest protection methods. Enforcement of laws regarding purchased forest land is weak or non-existent in most parts of the world. In the increasingly dangerous South America, home of major rainforests, officials of the Brazilian National Agency for the Environment (IBAMA) have recently been shot during their routine duties